商标包括任何文字, 的名字, 象征, 设备, 或任何组合, 使用, 或打算使用, 在商业 to identify and distinguish the goods of one manufacturer or seller 从 goods manufactured or sold by others, 并注明货物来源. 简而言之，商标就是商标名称.
一个服务标志就是任何一个字, 的名字, 象征, 设备, 或任何组合, 使用, 或打算使用, 在商业, to identify and distinguish the 服务 of one provider 从 服务 provided by others, 并指明服务的来源.
The letter R within a circle—®—is a 象征 signifying federal trademark registration. The federal registration 象征 is 使用 once a mark (a trademark or service mark) is actually registered with the
U.S. 专利商标局. Even though an application for registration may be pending, a registration 象征 may not be 使用 before a mark has actually become registered. The registration 象征 is typically superscripted to the right of the last letter of the mark.
商标 and Service mark 象征s usually indicate that a party claims rights to a mark. These 象征s are often 使用 by a party before a federal registration is issued. There are no federal regulations governing the use of these 象征s or designations, 然而, 它们的使用可由当地管理, 状态, 或外国法律. The TM or SM 象征 is typically superscripted to the right of the last letter of the mark. These marks are commonly referred to as common law trademarks.
Notice identifying the registered owner of a mark. It is typically found at the bottom of the page on which a mark is 使用.
A non-federally registered mark commonly identified by a TM or SM 象征.
Use of a mark 在商业 including use in presentations, 信息材料, 书, 营销材料, 广告, 外部网站, 等.